Oblique fluorescence in a MARS scanner with a CdTe-Medipix3RX

L. Vanden Broeke, A. Atharifard, B. P. Goulter, J. L. Healy, M. Ramyar, R. K. Panta, M. Anjomrouz, M. Shamshad, A. Largeau, K. Mueller, M. F. Walsh, R. Aamir, D. J. Smithies, R. Doesburg, K. Rajendran, N. J.A. De Ruiter, D. Knight, A. Chernoglazov, H. Mandalika, C. J. BatemanS. T. Bell, A. P.H. Butler, P. H. Butler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The latest version of the MARS small bore scanner makes use of the Medipix3RX ASIC, bonded to a CdTe or CZT semi-conductor layer, to count x-ray photons and create a spectroscopic CT data set. The MARS imaging chain uses the energy-resolved 2D transmission images to construct quantitative 3D spectral and material images. To improve the spectral performance of the imaging system it is important that the energy response of the detector is well calibrated. A common methodology for energy calibration is to use x-ray fluorescence (XRF), due to its effective monochromatic nature. Oblique (off-axis) XRF can be measured in situ in the MARS small bore scanner. A monoatomic foil is placed in front of the x-ray source and off-axis XRF is measured. A key issue is identifying near optimal measurement positions that maximize the XRF signal while minimizing transmitted and scattered x-rays from the primary beam. This work shows the development of a theoretical model that is able to identify where in the detector plane XRF is maximum. We present: (1) a theoretical model that calculates the XRF photon distribution across the detector plane produced from illuminated foils attached to the scanner's filter bar; (2) preliminary experimental measurements of the XRF distribution outside of the main beam taken with a CdTe-Medipix3RX detector; and (3) a comparison between the model and experiment. The main motivation behind creating this model is to identify the region in the detector plane outside of the main beam where XRF is at a maximum. This provides the optimum detector location for measuring a monochromatic XRF source with minimal polychromatic contamination for its use in per-pixel energy calibration of Medipix3RX detectors in MARS scanners.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numberC12063
JournalJournal of Instrumentation
Issue number12
StatePublished - Dec 22 2016


  • Computerized Tomography (CT) and Computed Radiography (CR)
  • Solid state detectors
  • X-ray detectors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Instrumentation
  • Mathematical Physics


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