Widespread use of complementary and alternative medicine among non-Hodgkin lymphoma survivors

Sarah Rausch Osian, Alexis D. Leal, Cristine Allmer, Matthew J. Maurer, Grezegorz Nowakowski, David J. Inwards, William R. Macon, Shawna L. Ehlers, George J. Weiner, Thomas M. Habermann, James R. Cerhan, Carrie A. Thompson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations


There are few studies examining complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) use and beliefs among non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) survivors. Seven hundred and nineteen patients with NHL from the University of Iowa/Mayo Clinic Molecular Epidemiology Resource who completed the 3-year post-diagnosis questionnaire were included in this study. Altogether 636 (89%) reported ever using CAM, with 78% utilizing vitamins, 54% alternative therapies and 45% herbals. Female gender was associated with increased overall CAM use (p = 0.0001) as well as use of vitamins (p = 0.0001), herbals (p = 0.006) and alternative therapy (p = 0.0002) for cancer. Older age (> 60) was associated with increased vitamin use (p = 0.005) and decreased herbal use (p = 0.008). Among users, 143 (20%) believed CAM assists healing, 123 (17%) believed CAM relieves symptoms, 122 (17%) believed CAM gives a feeling of control, 110 (15%) believed CAM assists other treatments, 108 (15%) believed CAM boosts immunity, 26 (4%) believed CAM cures cancer and 36 (5%) believed CAM prevents the spread of cancer.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)434-439
Number of pages6
JournalLeukemia and Lymphoma
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 1 2015


  • Complementary therapies
  • Lymphoma
  • Neoplasms
  • Survivors
  • Vitamins

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology
  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research


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