Virtual reality in medicine: A personal perspective

Richard Robb

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


This personal perspective is an attempt to look at the role and impact of virtual reality (VR) as related to medicine and medical practice over the past 10-15 years. A similar treatise was recently published (Robb, 2002) in much shorter form. This more complete version is still not intended to be, nor can it be, fully comprehensive and inclusive of all developments or viewpoints. It is primarily based on the author's experience and opinion. Although such a review begs for many references to published works, that too is eschewed in the interest of preserving, for better or worse, the single view of the author in this article. Only seven references are included which contain copious other references to much of the material touched upon in this essay. To the extent that one can learn from history, this synopsis will also fall short, not so much due to lack of confirming references, but rather because the impact of VR in medicine has been an evolutionary culmination of digression and progression that has resulted in some success and useful contributions but also some wasted time and resources.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)317-326
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Visualization
Issue number4
StatePublished - Jan 1 2002


  • Interactive Visualization
  • Medical Imaging
  • Procedure Validation
  • Virtual Reality

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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