Venous malformations: Clinical diagnosis and treatment

Sasan Behravesh, Wayne Yakes, Nikhil Gupta, Sailendra Naidu, Brian W. Chong, Ali Khademhosseini, Rahmi Oklu

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

58 Scopus citations


Venous malformation (VM) is the most common type of congenital vascular malformation (CVM). They are present at birth and are often symptomatic, causing morbidity and pain. VMs can be challenging to diagnose and are often confused with hemangioma in terminology as well as with imaging. An accurate clinical history and cross-sectional imaging are critical for diagnosis and for devising management. This manuscript will review imaging approaches to diagnosing VMs and current treatment strategies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)557-569
Number of pages13
JournalCardiovascular Diagnosis and Therapy
Issue number6
StatePublished - 2016


  • Magnetic resonance
  • Sclerotherapy
  • Ultrasound (US)
  • Venous malformations (VM)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


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