Velocity-dependent changes in the relative motion of the subsynovial connective tissue in the human carpal tunnel

Yuichi Yoshii, Chunfeng Zhao, Jacqueline Henderson, Kristin D. Zhao, Kai Nan An, Peter C. Amadio

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Scopus citations


The purpose of this study was to measure the rate-dependent changes in the relative motion of subsynovial connective tissue (SSCT) and median nerve in the human carpal tunnel. Using fluoroscopy, we measured the relative motion of middle finger flexor digitorum superficialis tendon, SSCT, and median nerve in eight human cadavers during simulated active finger flexion motions at 2.0, 5.0, 7.5, and 10.0amm/s. The shear index was defined as the difference in motion between tendon and SSCT or tendon and nerve, expressed as a percentage of tendon excursion. The motion patterns of the SSCT and median nerve relative to tendon excursion were measured at each 10% increment (decile) of maximum tendon excursion. The tendon-SSCT shear index was significantly higher at 10.0amm/s than at 2.0amm/s in the single-digit motion. There were corresponding significant decreases in SSCT and median nerve motion for the 10.0amm/s velocity compared to the 2.0amm/s velocity. This study demonstrates that the relative motion of the tissues in the carpal tunnel appears to be dependent on tendon velocity, specifically with less nerve and SSCT motion at higher velocity tendon motion. This suggests that SSCT may be predisposed to shear injury from high-velocity tendon motion.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)62-66
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Orthopaedic Research
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2011


  • carpal tunnel
  • fluoroscopy
  • human cadaver
  • median nerve
  • subsynovial connective tissue (SSCT)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine


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