OBJECTIVE - Because readily available glycemic indicators are needed to guide clinical decision-making for intensification of diabetes therapy, our goals were to define the relationship between casual postprandial plasma glucose (cPPG) levels and HbA1c in patients with type 2 diabetes and to determine the predictive characteristics of a convenient glucose cutoff. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS - We examined the relationship between cPPG levels (1-4 h post meal) and HbA1c levels in 1,827 unique patients who had both determinations during a single office visit. RESULTS - The population studied was predominantly African American and middle-aged, with average cPPG of 201 mg/dl and HbA1c of 8.4%. The prevalence of HbA1c ≥7.0% was 67% and HbA1c >6.5% was 77%. Overall, cPPG and HbA1c were linearly correlated (r = 0.63, P < 0.001). The correlation between cPPG and HbA1c was strongest in patients treated with diet alone (n = 348, r = 0.75, P < 0.001) and weaker but still highly significant for patients treated with oral agents (n = 610, r = 0.64, P < 0.001) or insulin (n = 869, r = 0.56, P < 0.001). A cutoff cPPG >150 mg/ dl predicted an HbA1c level ≥7.0% in the whole group, with a sensitivity of 78%, a specificity of 62%, and an 80% positive predictive value. The same cPPG cutoff of 150 mg/dl predicted an HbA1c level >6.5%, with a sensitivity of 74%, a specificity of 66%, and an 88% positive predictive value. CONCLUSIONS - When rapid-turnaround HbA1c determinations are not available, a single cPPG level >150 mg/dl may be used during a clinic visit to identify most inadequately controlled patients and allow timely intensification of therapy.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Internal Medicine
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
- Advanced and Specialized Nursing