Use of Complementary and Integrative Medicine Among Patients With Glioblastoma Multiforme Seen at a Tertiary Care Center

Amanda Munoz-Casabella, Dietlind L. Wahner-Roedler, Ivana T. Croghan, Tanya M. Petterson, Debbie L. Fuehrer, Brent A. Bauer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is among the most aggressive and lethal tumors, with a median survival of 12–15 months. Many patients use complementary and integrative medicine (CIM) therapies to supplement their cancer treatment. Objective: To determine the prevalence of CIM use and identify the most frequently used types of CIM in a cohort of patients with GBM seen at a tertiary care medical center in the United States. Methods: An anonymous survey was mailed through the US Postal Service from August 1, 2019, through February 21, 2020, to patients with GBM. Results: A total of 346 surveys were mailed, and 146 responses (42%) were received. The median age of respondents was 61 years (range, 52–68 years), and 85 (58%) were male. Most patients had undergone surgery (90%), chemotherapy (96%), and radiotherapy (95%). The median time from diagnosis of GBM to survey participation was 18 months (range, 12–31 months). Most respondents (81%) used some form of CIM, most frequently meditation (22%), relaxation and other stress management techniques (19%), chiropractic therapy (16%), and acupuncture (12%). Compared with men, women more commonly meditated (32% vs 16%; P =.046) and practiced yoga (20% vs 6%; P =.04). We observed age-based differences, with younger patients more commonly meditating, practicing relaxation and stress management techniques, and receiving chiropractic therapy (P <.05 for all). Conclusions: Providers should encourage patients with GBM to discuss their interest in CIM therapies and guide them to evidence-based treatments that may help improve their quality of life.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalGlobal Advances In Health and Medicine
StatePublished - Feb 11 2022


  • alternative medicine
  • cancer
  • complementary medicine
  • glioblastoma
  • glioblastoma multiforme
  • integrative medicine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)


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