Urological fistulas after fetal cystoscopic laser ablation of posterior urethral valves: Surgical technical aspects

N. Sananes, R. Favre, C. J. Koh, A. Zaloszyc, M. C. Braun, D. R. Roth, R. Moog, F. Becmeur, M. A. Belfort, R. Ruano

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

31 Scopus citations


Objective: To describe the surgical technical aspects associated with the development of urological fistulas after fetal antegrade cystoscopic laser fulguration of the posterior urethral valves (PUV). Methods: The perioperative data for all fetal cystoscopies performed between January 2004 and August 2013 at three institutions in the USA, France and Brazil were reviewed, with particular emphasis on surgical technical aspects of the procedure and the complications encountered. Results: A total of 40 fetal cystoscopies were performed at the three institutions. Laser fulguration of the PUV was performed in 23 of these cases, with a survival rate of 60.9% (14/23) and normal renal function in 85.7% (12/14) of these infants. Urological fistulas were diagnosed postnatally in four (10%) newborns. The presence of fistulas was associated with a higher gestational age at diagnosis of PUV (P < 0.01) and with the use of semi-curved rather than curved sheaths (P < 0.01), the use of a diode laser (P < 0.01) and the use of higher laser power and energy (P < 0.01 and P < 0.01, respectively), as well as with less operator experience (P < 0.01) and with absence of fetal anesthesia/immobilization (P = 0.02). Conclusion: Urological fistulas are a severe complication of fetal cystoscopic laser fulguration of PUV and are associated with type, energy and power settings of the laser and instrumentation. The use of appropriate technique and proper training of the operator are necessary to perform this fetal intervention safely.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)183-189
Number of pages7
JournalUltrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 1 2015


  • Fetal cystoscopy
  • Fetal surgery
  • Fistula
  • Lower urinary tract obstruction
  • Urethral valves

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiological and Ultrasound Technology
  • Reproductive Medicine
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology


Dive into the research topics of 'Urological fistulas after fetal cystoscopic laser ablation of posterior urethral valves: Surgical technical aspects'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this