Upfront molecular testing in patients with advanced gastro-esophageal cancer: Is it time yet?

Sameh Mikhail, Kristen Ciombor, Anne Noonan, Christina Wu, Richard Goldberg, Weiqiang Zhao, Lai Wei, Kristina Mathey, Melissa Yereb, Cynthia Timmers, Tanios Bekaii-Saab

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations


Introduction: Targeting HER2 has improved outcomes in metastatic GE (mGE) cancer. In this study, we aim to explore the feasibility of molecular profiling in patients with refractory mGE cancer in routine clinical practice. Methods: Archival formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded (FFPE) samples for patients with mGE were analyzed with commercially available targeted next generation sequencing (NGS) and/or FISH for MET amplification. We also reviewed the patients' medical records for concurrent HER 2 testing. Results: Tumor samples from 99 patients with mGE cancer were analyzed as follows: NGS (N = 56), FISH for MET amplification (N = 65), IHC and/or FISH for HER2 (N = 87). Of patients who underwent NGS, 50/56 (89%) had at least one actionable molecular alteration. The most notable actionable alterations included cell cycle abnormalities (58%), HER2 amplification (30%), PI3KCA mutation (14%), MCL1 amplification (11%), PTEN loss (9%), CDH1 mutation (2%) and MET amplification (5%). Ninety-two percent (12/13) of patients with HER2 amplification by NGS were positive for HER2 by IHC and/or FISH. In contrast, only 12/18 (66%) patients positive for HER2 by IHC and/or FISH demonstrated HER2 amplification by NGS. Conclusion: Comprehensive molecular testing is feasible in clinical practice and provides a platform for screening patients for molecularly guided clinical trials and available targeted therapies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)22206-22213
Number of pages8
Issue number26
StatePublished - 2015


  • C-MET
  • Gastro-esophageal cancer
  • Molecular profiling
  • Next generation sequencing
  • Targeted therapy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology


Dive into the research topics of 'Upfront molecular testing in patients with advanced gastro-esophageal cancer: Is it time yet?'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this