Uncovering the biology of multiple myeloma among African Americans: A comprehensive genomics approach

Angela Baker, Esteban Braggio, Susanna Jacobus, Sungwon Jung, Dirk Larson, Terry Therneau, Angela Dispenzieri, Scott A. Van Wier, Gregory Ahmann, Joan Levy, Louise Perkins, Seungchan Kim, Kimberly Henderson, David Vesole, S. Vincent Rajkumar, Diane F. Jelinek, John Carpten, Rafael Fonseca

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

34 Scopus citations


Epidemiological data have suggested that African American (AA) persons are twice as likely to be diagnosed with multiple myeloma (MM) compared with European American (EA) persons. Here, we have analyzed a set of cytogenetic and genomic data derived from AA and EA MM patients. We have compared the frequency of IgH translocations in a series of data from 115 AA patients from 3 studies and 353 EA patients from the Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) studies E4A03 and E9487. We have also interrogated tumors from 45 AA and 196 EA MM patients for somatic copy number abnormalities associated with poor outcome. In addition, 35 AA and 178 EA patients were investigated for a transcriptional profile associated with high-risk disease. Overall, based on this cohort, genetic profiles were similar except for a significantly lower frequency of IgH translocations (40% vs 52%; P 5 .032) in AA patients. Frequency differences of somatic copy number aberrations were not significant after correction for multiple testing. There was also no significant difference in the frequency of high-risk disease based on gene expression profiling. Our study represents the first comprehensive comparisons of the frequency and distribution of molecular alterations in MM tumors between AA and EA patients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3147-3152
Number of pages6
Issue number16
StatePublished - 2013

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Immunology
  • Hematology
  • Cell Biology


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