Ultrasonic Dynamic Focusing Using an Analog FIFO and Asynchronous Sampling

Tai K. Song, James F. Greenleaf

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

25 Scopus citations


A dynamic focusing method which employs an analog FIFO (AFIFO) for signal sampling and storage is proposed. The delay control on the ultrasound pulse echo at each array element for focusing delay compensation is achieved by the nonuniform sampling process, as suggested previously in a full digital beamforming system called Pipe-lined Sampled-Delay Focusing (PSDF). In the new focusing method, an analog sampling device, AFIFO, is used to sample and store values of the pulse echo as it arrives from each imaging point at each array element. Due to the first-in first-out operation of each AFIFO, all the samples for each imaging point along the axis of the beam are arranged at the same output position required on each channel and will be output simultaneously by a uniform output clock. Except for the nonuniform sampling control, all processing in the new dynamic beamforming method is carried out exactly the same as in conventional analog imaging systems. The advantages of the new system are that the sampling rate and hardware complexity for dynamic focusing can be greatly reduced by employing nonuniform sampling and analog signal processing. The performance and validity of the new method are verified experimentally.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)326-332
Number of pages7
JournalIEEE Transactions on Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics and Frequency Control
Issue number3
StatePublished - May 1994

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Instrumentation
  • Acoustics and Ultrasonics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


Dive into the research topics of 'Ultrasonic Dynamic Focusing Using an Analog FIFO and Asynchronous Sampling'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this