Two-Point Frequency Shift Method for Shear Wave Attenuation Measurement

Piotr Kijanka, Matthew W. Urban

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations


Ultrasound shear wave elastography (SWE) is an increasingly used noninvasive modality for quantitative evaluation of tissue mechanical properties. SWE typically uses an acoustic radiation force to produce laterally propagating shear waves that are tracked in the spatial and temporal domains, in order to obtain the wave velocity. One of the ways to study the viscoelasticity is through studying the shear wave phase velocity dispersion curves. Shear wave attenuation can be also characterized in viscoelastic tissues with methods that use multiple lateral data samples. In this article, we present an alternative method for measuring the shear wave attenuation without using a rheological model two-point frequency shift (2P-FS). The technique uses information related to the amplitude spectra FS of shear waves measured at only two lateral locations. The theoretical basis for the 2P-FS is derived and validated. We examined how the first signal position and the distance between the two locations affect the shear wave attenuation estimation in the 2P-FS method. We tested this new method on digital phantom data created using the local interaction simulation approach (LISA) in viscoelastic media. Moreover, we tested data acquired from custom-made tissue-mimicking viscoelastic phantom experiments and ex vivo porcine liver measurements. We compared results from the 2P-FS method with the other two techniques used for assessing a shear wave attenuation: the FS-based method and the attenuation-measuring ultrasound shear wave elastography (AMUSE) technique. In addition, we evaluated the 2P-FS algorithm with different levels of added white Gaussian noise to the shear wave particle velocity using numerical phantoms. Tests conducted showed that the 2P-FS method gives robust results based on only two measurements and can be used to measure attenuation of viscoelastic soft tissues.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number8859337
Pages (from-to)483-496
Number of pages14
JournalIEEE Transactions on Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics, and Frequency Control
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 1 2020


  • Acoustic radiation force (ARF)
  • attenuation
  • attenuation measuring ultrasound shear wave elastography (AMUSE)
  • frequency shift (FS)
  • full-width at half-maximum (FWHM)
  • phantom
  • shear wave elastography (SWE)
  • soft tissue
  • ultrasound
  • viscoelastic

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Instrumentation
  • Acoustics and Ultrasonics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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