Tumor immunoediting and immunosculpting pathways to cancer progression

Jennifer M. Reiman, Maciej Kmieciak, Masoud H. Manjili, Keith L. Knutson

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

147 Scopus citations


Recent studies have suggested that a natural function of the immune system is to respond and destroy aberrant, dysfunctional cells by a process called immunosurveillance. These studies also suggest that the tumors that arise despite immunosurveillance have been immunosculpted by the immune system. The purported abilities of tumors to induce immune tolerance and suppression, the increased pathogenic behavior of the tumor cells following exposure to immune effectors and the loss of immunogenicity (i.e. immunoediting) often observed in advanced stage tumors could be the result of immunosculpting. In some cases, these immunosculpting features may be permanent and irreversible. However, in other cases, reversible epigenetic mechanisms may underlie the immune resistant tumor phenotype. Regardless, these immune-induced alterations could contribute to cancer pathogenesis. Understanding the mechanisms by which tumors evade immunity will be important for disease prevention and therapeutics.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)275-287
Number of pages13
JournalSeminars in Cancer Biology
Issue number4
StatePublished - Aug 2007


  • Adoptive T cell therapy
  • Immunosurveillance
  • Tumor immunity
  • Vaccines

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research


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