Tuberculosis of the gastrointestinal tract and associated viscera

Thomas Malikowski, Maryam Mahmood, Thomas Smyrk, Laura Raffals, Vandana Nehra

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations


Tuberculosis involvement of the gastrointestinal tract, peritoneum, and associated viscera is an uncommon but well described entity. While peritoneal tuberculosis and tuberculous enteritis are more common, involvement of the esophagus, stomach, colon, rectum, anus, liver, bile ducts, gallbladder, and pancreas can occur. Diagnosis is challenging as cases often mimic neoplasm or inflammatory bowel disease. In this review we outline the pathogenesis, clinical presentation, diagnostic testing, and treatment strategies pertaining to such cases.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-8
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Clinical Tuberculosis and Other Mycobacterial Diseases
StatePublished - Aug 2018


  • Colorectal
  • Gallbladder
  • Hepatobiliary
  • Pancreas
  • Small bowel

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases


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