Treatment of helicobacter pylori reduces the rate of rebleeding in peptic ulcer disease

D. Y. Graham, K. S. Hepps, F. C. Ramirez, G. M. Lew, Z. A. Saeed

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

276 Scopus citations


Background: We evaluated whether therapy designed to eradicate Helicobacter pylori infection resulted in a reduction in rebleeding in patients with peptic ulcer disease. Patients presenting because of major upper gastrointestinal hemorrhage from peptic ulcer and whose ulcers healed in a study in which they were randomized to receive ranitidine alone or triple therapy plus ranitidine were followed up regularly with endoscopy. No maintenance anti-ulcer therapy was given after ulcer healing. Methods: Patients Received ranitidine, 30(1 mg, or ranitidine plus triple therapy. Triple therapy consisted of tetracycline, 2g; metronidazole, 750 mg; and bismuth subsalicylate, 5 or 8 tablets (151 mg bismuth per tablet), and was administered for the first 2 weeks of treatment; ranitidine therapy was continued until the ulcer had healed or 16 weeks had elapsed. After ulcer healing, no maintenance antiulcer therapy was given. Development of ulcer recurrence with or without recurrent upper gastrointestinal bleeding was evaluated. Results: Thirty-one patients with major upper gastrointestinal bleeding from peptic ulcer were studied; 17 Received triple therapy and 14 ranitidine alone. Major rebleeding occurred significantly (p = 0.031) more often in those in the ranitidine group (28.6% compared with none (0% in the triple therapy group. Conclusion: Eradication of H. pylori infection reduces the rate of ulcer recurrence and rebleeding in complicated ulcer disease.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)939-942
Number of pages4
JournalScandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
Issue number11
StatePublished - 1993


  • Antimicrobial therapy
  • Bismuth subsalicylate
  • Clinical trial
  • Duodenal ulcer
  • Gastric ulcer
  • Helicobacter pylori
  • Maintenance
  • Ranitidine
  • Ulcer recurrence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gastroenterology


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