Transversely isotropic tensile material properties of skeletal muscle tissue

Duane A. Morrow, Tammy L. Haut Donahue, Gregory M. Odegard, Kenton R. Kaufman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

124 Scopus citations


Of the plethora of work performed analyzing skeletal muscle tissue, relatively little has been done in the examination of its passive material properties. Previous studies of the passive properties of skeletal muscle have been primarily performed along the longitudinal material direction. In order to ensure the accuracy of the predictions of computational models of skeletal muscles, a better understanding of the tensile three-dimensional material properties of muscle tissue is necessary. To that end, the purpose of this study was to collect a comprehensive set of tensile stress-strain data from skeletal muscle tissue. Load-deformation data was collected from eighteen extensor digitorum longus muscles, dissected free of aponeuroses, from nine New Zealand White rabbits tested under longitudinal extension (LE), transverse extension (TE), or longitudinal shear (LS). The linear modulus, ultimate stress, and failure strain were calculated from stress-strain results. Results indicate that the linear modulus under LE is significantly higher than the modulus of either TE or LS. Additionally, the ultimate stress of muscle was seen to be significantly higher under LE than TE. Conversely, the failure strain was significantly higher under TE than under LE.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)124-129
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2010

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biomaterials
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Mechanics of Materials


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