Transcriptional activity of HPV in inverted papilloma demonstrated by in situ hybridization for E6/E7 mRNA

David G. Stoddard, Michael G. Keeney, Ge Gao, David I. Smith, Joaquín J. García, Erin K. O'Brien

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Scopus citations


Objective. Assess human papilloma virus (HPV) transcriptional activity in inverted Schneiderian papillomas (IPs). Study Design. Case series with chart review. Setting. Academic tertiary care center. Subjects and Methods. Retrospective clinicopathologic review of 19 cases of IP in patients undergoing surgical excision from 1995 to 2013 at Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minnesota. Surgical pathology archival material was histopathologically reviewed using hematoxylin and eosin-stained slides. Formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded material from each case was evaluated for p16 expression using immunohistochemistry as well as HPV DNA and E6/E7 messenger RNA (mRNA) transcription using polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and in situ hybridization (via RNAscope technology), respectively. Results. Eight patients were female (42%), with an average age of 53 years (range, 23-82 years). Three demonstrated malignancy, and 5 subsequently recurred. Average follow-up was 49 months (range, 0-200 months), and 1 patient died from squamous cell carcinoma arising from the IP. RNAscope detected HPV mRNA transcripts exclusively within IP in 100% of cases; however, in 11 patients (58%), less than 1% of cells exhibited transcriptional activity. Only 2 of 19 cases (11%) demonstrated mRNA activity in 50% or more cells. HPV DNA was detected in only 2 specimens by PCR. Conclusions. This study reveals wide prevalence but limited transcriptional activity of HPV in IP. No correlation between HPV transcriptional activity and progression, recurrence, or malignant transformation was identified. These data suggest that transcription of HPV may contribute to the pathogenesis of IP, but prospective data are needed to definitively demonstrate this connection.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)752-758
Number of pages7
JournalOtolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery (United States)
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 7 2015


  • RNAscope
  • Schneiderian papilloma
  • human papilloma virus
  • inverted papilloma
  • mRNA in situ hybridization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Otorhinolaryngology


Dive into the research topics of 'Transcriptional activity of HPV in inverted papilloma demonstrated by in situ hybridization for E6/E7 mRNA'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this