Three-dimensional magnetization-prepared time-of-flight MR angiography of the carotid and vertebral arteries

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14 Scopus citations


Three-dimensional magnetization-prepared (MP) MR angiography (MRA) was applied to the carotid and vertebral arteries by using ECG triggering, a slab selective RF inversion pulse, centric phase encoding and acquisition during diastole. Both theoretically and experimentally, the MP MRA sequence was shown to perform well in cases where there was substantial blood replenishment during the inversion time TI (>330 ms). In comparison with standard, ungated, steady-state 3D time-of-flight MRA in 13 consecutive volunteers, the MP MRA images demonstrated better background suppression with less artifact and generally had more uniform vessel depiction. The MP MRA sequence was generally superior for portraying vessels exhibiting high pulsatility such as the carotid siphon. However, in distal vessels with slow flow and incomplete blood replenishment, the MP MRA technique was inferior due to increased loss of vessel signal. The reasons for this increased signal loss are identified and improvements to the MP MRA sequence are suggested.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)252-259
Number of pages8
JournalMagnetic Resonance in Medicine
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 1997


  • MR angiography
  • carotid artery
  • centric view order
  • magnetization-prepared

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging


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