Therapeutic value of treating central sleep apnea by adaptive servo-ventilation in patients with heart failure: A systematic review and meta-analysis

Jingting Wang, Naima Covassin, Tianxin Dai, Zhengyang Fan, Patiguli Yisilamu, Dance Sun, Fei Li, Jiang Xie

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


Background: Despite the efficacy of adaptive servo-ventilation (ASV) in suppressing central sleep apnea (CSA), its impact on long-term outcomes is debatable. We aim to identify subjects with specific features who might benefit from ASV therapy. Methods: Randomized clinical trials and comparative observational studies investigating the effects of ASV on cardiovascular (CV) and all-cause mortality and major adverse cardiovascular events (MACEs) in CSA patients were searched from PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane library and Web of Science. Eligible studies were identified with relative risks (RR) of death and MACEs compared between patients treated by ASV and usual care. Results: A total of eight studies (three randomized controlled trials and five observational studies) including 2208 participants were selected for analysis. All-cause and CV mortality were not significantly reduced by ASV. Patients with nadir nocturnal saturation ≤ 80% (mean value) had lower risk of MACEs by ASV treatment compared with by usual care (RR, 0.18; p < 0.001). Patients with severe heart failure (HF), defined as left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) ≤ 33% (mean value), or HF of New York Heart Association (NYHA) classification of III/IV, did not have reduced risk of MACEs post ASV therapy. However, subjects with LVEF > 33% (RR, 0.35; p < 0.001) or NYHA Ⅰ/Ⅱ (RR, 0.35; p < 0.001) had significantly lower risk of MACEs by using ASV than by usual care. Conclusions: Although ASV appears to not reduce CV and all-cause death for HF patients with extremely low LVEF, those with profound CSA associated hypoxemia or less severe HF still benefit from ASV therapy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)344-351
Number of pages8
JournalHeart and Lung
Issue number2
StatePublished - Mar 1 2021


  • Adaptive servo-ventilation
  • Central sleep apnea
  • Heart failure
  • Major adverse cardiovascular events

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


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