The year in cardiovascular medicine 2021: digital health and innovation

Paul Friedman, Panos E. Vardas, Folkert W. Asselbergs, Maarten van Smeden

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This article presents some of the most important developments in the field of digital medicine that have appeared over the last 12 months and are related to cardiovascular medicine. The article consists of three main sections, as follows: (i) artificial intelligence-enabled cardiovascular diagnostic tools, techniques, and methodologies, (ii) big data and prognostic models for cardiovascular risk protection, and (iii) wearable devices in cardiovascular risk assessment, cardiovascular disease prevention, diagnosis, and management. To conclude the article, the authors present a brief further prospective on this new domain, highlighting existing gaps that are specifically related to artificial intelligence technologies, such as explainability, cost-effectiveness, and, of course, the importance of proper regulatory oversight for each clinical implementation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)271-279
Number of pages9
JournalEuropean heart journal
Issue number4
StatePublished - Jan 21 2022


  • AI-ECG
  • AI-wearables
  • Big data
  • Cardiovascular medicine
  • Digital health
  • Machine learning

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


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