The Surgeon’s View of the Left Ventricular Outflow Tract in Congenital Heart Surgery

Elizabeth H. Stephens, Joseph Dearani, Jonathan Johnson, Michael J. Ackerman, Steve R. Ommen, Hartzell V. Schaff

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Left ventricular outflow tract (LVOT) obstruction is a component of many forms of congenital heart disease, including hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, membranous subaortic stenosis, tunnel subaortic stenosis, and outflow tract obstruction related to atrioventricular septal defects. We have gained a particularly extensive experience with the diagnosis and treatment of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, having performed septal myectomy in over 3,800 patients. In the setting of this review of LVOT obstruction, we use hypertrophic cardiomyopathy as a template by which other pathologies causing LVOT obstruction can be understood. We review important surgical issues in patient selection, diagnostic evaluation, interpretation of imaging, and operative management. To this end, the review focuses on obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy and then broadens to discuss other pathologies causing LVOT obstruction, with important similarities and differences in their management. These other pathologies share some similar presentations and operative techniques, and at times can be confused with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, but also have important distinctions of which the surgeon should be aware.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)595-610
Number of pages16
JournalWorld Journal for Pediatric and Congenital Heart Surgery
Issue number5
StatePublished - Sep 1 2020

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


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