The role of transesophageal echocardiography

Tasneem Z. Naqvi, Robert J. Siegel

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations


Noninvasive assessment of aortic valve area by echocardiography has become the standard of practice over the past few years. The advent of transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) has provided a new method for the assessment of aortic valve area (AVA) using planimetry by two-dimensional imaging. Clear visualization of the anatomy of the valve, as well as accuracy of AVA assessment, makes TEE an invaluable tool for the evaluation of aortic valve stenosis. TEE is especially helpful in clinical settings when there is a discrepancy between the AVA obtained by transthoracic echocardiography and cardiac catheterization. TEE is particularly helpful in the assessment of the aortic valve during intraoperative echocardiography. This review discusses the techniques, imaging planes, and details for assessing AVA by TEE. The role of TEE in AVA assessment is described, with specific clinical case examples cited.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)677-688
Number of pages12
Issue number7 I
StatePublished - 1999


  • Aortic stenosis
  • Aortic valve area
  • Continuity equation
  • Transesophageal echocardiography

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


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