The role of endoscopy in the management of choledocholithiasis

John T. Maple, Laurel Fisher, Norio Fukami, Joo Ha Hwang, Rajeev Jain, Terry Jue, Khalid Khan, Mary Lee Krinsky, Phyllis Malpas, Tamir Ben-Menachem, Ravi N. Sharaf, Jason A. Dominitz, Steven O. Ikenberry, Michelle A. Anderson, Vasundhara Appalaneni, G. Anton Decker, Dayna Early, John A. Evans, Robert D. Fanelli, Deborah Fisher

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

93 Scopus citations


This is one of a series of statements discussing the use of GI endoscopy in common clinical situations. The Standards of Practice Committee of the American Society for Gastrointestinal Endoscopy (ASGE) prepared this text. In preparing this guideline, a search of the medical literature was performed using PubMed. Additional references were obtained from the bibliographies of the identified articles and from recommendations of expert consultants. When few or no data exist from well-designed prospective trials, emphasis is given to results of large series and reports from recognized experts. Guidelines for appropriate use of endoscopy are based on a critical review of the available data and expert consensus at the time the guidelines are drafted. Further controlled clinical studies may be needed to clarify aspects of this guideline. This guideline may be revised as necessary to account for changes in technology, new data, or other aspects of clinical practice. The recommendations were based on reviewed studies and were graded on the strength of the supporting evidence (Table 1).1 The strength of individual recommendations is based on both the aggregate evidence quality and an assessment of the anticipated benefits and harms. Weaker recommendations are indicated by phrases such as "we suggest," whereas stronger recommendations are typically stated as "we recommend." This guideline is intended to be an educational device to provide information that may assist endoscopists in providing care to patients. This guideline is not a rule and should not be construed as establishing a legal standard of care or as encouraging, advocating, requiring, or discouraging any particular treatment. Clinical decisions in any particular case involve a complex analysis of the patient's condition and available courses of action. Therefore, clinical considerations may lead an endoscopist to take a course of action that varies from these guidelines.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)731-744
Number of pages14
JournalGastrointestinal endoscopy
Issue number4
StatePublished - Oct 2011

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Gastroenterology


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