The relationship of body image dissatisfaction to cigarette smoking in college students

Matthew M. Clark, Ivana T. Croghan, Stephanie Reading, Darrell R. Schroeder, Sarah M. Stoner, Christi A. Patten, Kristin S. Vickers

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

37 Scopus citations


This study examined the association of cigarette smoking status and body image dissatisfaction as measured by the Multidimensional Body-Self Relations Questionnaire (MBSRQ), in 1575 young adult college students, 18-24 years of age. Respondents were current cigarette smokers (N = 482) or never tobacco users (N = 1093). Smoking status was found to be significantly associated with 5 of the 10 MBSRQ subscales, with current smokers having lower scores on Fitness Orientation, Health Evaluation and Health Orientation (all p < 0.001) and higher scores on Appearance Orientation (p = 0.01) and Overweight Preoccupation (p = 0.03) compared with never tobacco users. Furthermore, among current smokers, a higher number of days smoked in the last 30 days were associated with lower scores on all MBSRQ subscales, except Self-Classified Weight. In terms of clinical implications, interventions for smoking cessation among college students might benefit from inclusion of components for addressing body image dissatisfaction and improving health beliefs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)263-270
Number of pages8
JournalBody Image
Issue number3
StatePublished - Sep 2005


  • Body image
  • College students
  • Smoking status

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Applied Psychology
  • Psychology(all)


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