The Pharmacokinetics of Racemic Verapamil in Patients with Impaired Renal Function

Prince K. Zachariah, Thomas P. Moyer, H. Michael Theobald, Robert P. Frantz, Stephen B. Kurtz, James T. McCarthy, Robin L. Smith

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10 Scopus citations


The pharmacokinetics of verapamil were studied in patients with renal failure who were undergoing maintenance hemodialysis and in normal subjects after an IV infusion of 10 mg and a single oral dose of 120 mg. Plasma levels of verapamil and its active metabolite, norverapamil, were analyzed by a sensitive and specific HPLC procedure. Severe renal failure requiring hemodialysis did not change the time course of verapamil and norverapamil plasma concentrations after either the IV or oral dose. The terminal elimination rate constant, clearance, volume of distribution, and bioavailability of verapamil were not significantly different between the two groups of subjects. In addition, the apparent maximal plasma concentration, terminal elimination rate constant, and area under the curve for norverapamil were similar in patients with renal failure and normal subjects. The study showed that the plasma disposition of verapamil and norverapamil was not affected in patients with impaired renal function. Furthermore, this study does not indicate that any change in dosage is necessary when single doses of verapamil are administered to patients with renal failure. 1991 American College of Clinical Pharmacology

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)45-53
Number of pages9
JournalThe Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1991

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology
  • Pharmacology (medical)


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