Background: This study aimed to evaluate how enhanced recovery (ER) protocols and same-day discharge (SDD) influences patients’ postoperative quality of life (QOL). Methods: Patients who underwent mastectomy with implant-based breast reconstruction from 2008 to 2020 were identified in a prospective database. The study assessed QOL with BREAST-Q and Was It Worth It? (WIWI) questionnaires. Responses were compared between the ER and pre-ER groups and between the SDD and hospital stay (HS) groups using one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) and chi-square tests. Results: The inclusion criteria were met by 568 patients, with a 43% response rate, and 217 patients were included for analysis. Chest physical well-being was lower for the ER cohort, but postoperative breast satisfaction was higher. Psychosocial status, sexual well-being, and satisfaction with information given did not differ significantly between the ER group and the pre-ER or SDD group. In the compared groups, QOL did not differ significantly. Conclusions: Enhanced recovery with SDD after mastectomy using implant-based reconstruction did not have an adverse impact on patient postoperative QOL.
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