The impact of blood pressure on the risk of major bleeding complication after renal transplant biopsy

Winston T. Wang, Anika G. Patel, Nan Zhang, Scott W. Young, J. Scott Kriegshauser, Nirvikar Dahiya, Maitray D. Patel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Purpose: To assess the impact of elevated blood pressure on the rate of major hemorrhagic complication after renal transplant biopsy. Methods: Pre-procedural systolic (SBP), diastolic (SBP), and mean arterial (MAP) blood pressure for consecutive patients undergoing US-guided renal transplant biopsies from 08/01/2015 to 7/31/2017 were retrospectively recorded. Patients who had a major bleeding complication were identified. The risk of complication as a function of SBP, DBP, and MAP was statistically analyzed, with significance set at p < 0.05. Results: Of 1689 biopsies, there were 10 bleeding complications (10/1689, 0.59%). There was no statistically significant difference between biopsies with complication compared to those without complication based on SBP (p = 0.351), DBP (p = 0.088), or MAP (p = 0.132). Using risk dichotomization criteria, the odds ratio for hemorrhagic complication when the patient had SBP ≥ 180 mmHg and DBP ≥ 95 mmHg was 75.63 (95% CI 6.87–516.8, p = 0.002). Conclusion: The rate of hemorrhagic complication from renal transplant biopsy is low, and there is no statistically significant threshold for increased biopsy risk based on SBP, DBP, or MAP alone. The risk of complication was significantly higher only when both the SBP is ≥ 180 mmHg and DBP is ≥ 95 mmHg. Graphic abstract: [Figure not available: see fulltext.]

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)409-415
Number of pages7
JournalAbdominal Radiology
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2022


  • Biopsy
  • Blood pressure
  • Complication
  • Hemorrhage
  • Renal transplant

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiological and Ultrasound Technology
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Gastroenterology
  • Urology


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