Background: Limited data are available regarding the immunogenicity of high-dose influenza vaccine among persons with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) and monoclonal B cell lymphocytosis (MBL). Methods: A prospective pilot study of humoral immune responses to 2013–2014 and 2014–2015 high-dose trivalent influenza vaccine (HD IIV; Fluzone® High-Dose; Sanofi Pasteur) was conducted among individuals with MBL and previously untreated CLL. Serum hemagglutination inhibition (HAI) antibody titers were measured at baseline and Day 28 after vaccination; seroprotection and seroconversion rates were determined. Memory B cell responses were assessed by B-cell enzyme-linked immune absorbent spot assays. Results: Thirty subjects (17 CLL and 13 MBL) were included. Median age was 69.5 years. Day 28 seroprotection rates for the cohort were 19/30 (63.3%) for A/H1N1; 21/23 (91.3%) for A/H3N2; and 13/30 (43.3%) for influenza B. Those with MBL achieved higher day 28 HAI geometric mean titers (54.1 [4.9, 600.1] vs. 12.1 [1.3, 110.1]; p = 0.01) and higher Day 28 seroprotection rates (76.9% vs. 17.6%; p = 0.002) against the influenza B-vaccine strain virus than those with CLL. Conclusions: Immunogenicity of the HD IIV3 in patients with CLL and MBL is lower than reported in healthy adults. Immunogenicity to influenza B was greater in those with MBL than CLL.
- Influenza vaccines
- Monoclonal B cell lymphocytosis
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Medicine
- Immunology and Microbiology(all)
- Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
- Infectious Diseases