The Hmong in the United States: An Overview for Mental Health Professionals


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17 Scopus citations


Since Laos fell to the communist Pathet Lao, many Hmong people have relocated to the United States. Because of the vast cultural differences, the Hmong have had a notoriously difficult time adjusting to life in the United States. In view of the many problems faced by Hmong Americans, it is likely that many of them will seek or be referred to non‐Hmong professionals for various counseling services. This article provides an overview of Hmong culture and a history of their migration to the United States. Specific adjustment and mental health problems are noted and suggestions are provided for designing appropriate counseling interventions for Hmong Americans. 1990 American Counseling Association

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)88-92
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Counseling & Development
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1990

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Applied Psychology


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