The Fontan Connections: Past, Present, and Future

Sameh M. Said, Harold M. Burkhart, Joseph A. Dearani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations


The Fontan procedure is now considered the final common pathway for patients with anatomical or functional single ventricle. These patients initially have their systemic and pulmonary circulations in parallel, supported by one functional ventricular chamber. The ultimate goal with this procedure is to separate the two circulations, to prevent mixing of venous and arterial blood, and to provide adequate tissue oxygenation. The objective of this article is to review the Fontan procedure with its various modifications and refinements since its introduction to clinical practice in 1971, by Fontan and Baudet.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)171-182
Number of pages12
JournalWorld Journal for Pediatric and Congenital Heart Surgery
Issue number2
StatePublished - Apr 2012


  • Fontan circulation
  • right heart bypass
  • single ventricle

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


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