The Disproportionate Impact of COVID-19 on Racial and Ethnic Minorities in the United States

Don Bambino Geno Tai, Aditya Shah, Chyke A. Doubeni, Irene G. Sia, Mark L. Wieland

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

158 Scopus citations


The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has disproportionately affected racial and ethnic minority groups, with high rates of death in African American, Native American, and LatinX communities. Although the mechanisms of these disparities are being investigated, they can be conceived as arising from biomedical factors as well as social determinants of health. Minority groups are disproportionately affected by chronic medical conditions and lower access to healthcare that may portend worse COVID-19 outcomes. Furthermore, minority communities are more likely to experience living and working conditions that predispose them to worse outcomes. Underpinning these disparities are long-standing structural and societal factors that the COVID-19 pandemic has exposed. Clinicianscan partner with patients and communities to reduce the short-term impact of COVID-19 disparities while advocating for structural change.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)703-706
Number of pages4
JournalClinical Infectious Diseases
Issue number4
StatePublished - Feb 15 2021


  • COVID-19
  • SARS-CoV-2
  • marginalized communities
  • pandemic
  • racial disparities

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases


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