The Auditory-Verbal Learning Test (AVLT): Norms for Ages 55 Years and Older

Robert J. Ivnik, James F. Malec, Eric G. Tangalos, Ronald C. Petersen, Emre Kokmen, Leonard T. Kurland

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

131 Scopus citations


Age-specific norms for the Auditory-Verbal Learning Test (AVLT) were derived from a sample of 394 cognitively normal persons ages 55 years and older. Normality was defined by the absence of active neurologic or psychiatric disorders that might compromise cognitive status. Selection processes screened for conditions that might be anticipated to compromise cognition and included thorough general medical examinations for all volunteers, performed by their own primary care physicians. Care was taken to minimize selection biases; these normative data are believed to be a reasonably unbiased representation of the elderly who live in Olmsted County, Minnesota. A scoring process is introduced to summarize the learning and memory processes measured by the AVLT, including 30-min delayed recall. Data analyses establish that age norms are appropriate and necessary for the summary scores, as well as each of the specific AVLT trials. Tables are provided that translate a person's AVLT performance to unbiased percentile estimates.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)304-312
Number of pages9
JournalPsychological Assessment
Issue number3
StatePublished - Sep 1990

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health


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