Telemedicine-enabled ambulances and mobile stroke units for prehospital stroke management

Stephen W. English, Kevin M. Barrett, Willam D. Freeman, Bart M. Demaerschalk

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The recognition and management of stroke in the prehospital setting has become increasingly important to improve patient outcomes. Several strategies to advance prehospital stroke care have been developed, including the mobile stroke unit and the telemedicine-enabled ambulance—or “mini-MSU.” These strategies both incorporate ambulance-based audio-visual telemedicine evaluation with a vascular neurologist to facilitate faster treatment but differ in several areas including upfront and recurring costs, scalability or growth potential, ability to integrate into existing emergency medical services systems, and interoperability across multiple specialties or conditions. While both the mobile stroke unit and mini-mobile stroke unit model are valid approaches to improve stroke care, the authors aim to compare these models based on costs, scalability, integration, and interoperability in order to guide our prehospital leaders to find the best solutions for their communities.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of Telemedicine and Telecare
StateAccepted/In press - 2021


  • Teleneurology
  • emergency
  • remote consultation
  • stroke
  • telemedicine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health Informatics


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