Survival Following Alcohol Septal Ablation or Septal Myectomy for Patients With Obstructive Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy

Hao Cui, Hartzell V. Schaff, Shuiyun Wang, Brian D. Lahr, Ethan J. Rowin, Hassan Rastegar, Shengshou Hu, Mackram F. Eleid, Joseph A. Dearani, Carey Kimmelstiel, Barry J. Maron, Rick A. Nishimura, Steve R. Ommen, Martin S. Maron

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: There is little information regarding long-term mortality comparing the 2 most common procedures for septal reduction for obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM), alcohol septal ablation (ASA), and septal myectomy. Objectives: This study sought to compare the long-term mortality of patients with obstructive HCM following septal myectomy or ASA. Methods: We evaluated outcomes of 3,859 patients who underwent ASA or septal myectomy in 3 specialized HCM centers. All-cause mortality was the primary endpoint of the study. Results: In the study cohort, 585 (15.2%) patients underwent ASA, and 3,274 (84.8%) underwent septal myectomy. Patients undergoing ASA were significantly older (median age: 63.0 years [IQR: 52.7-72.8 years] vs 53.7 years [IQR: 44.9-62.8 years]; P < 0.001) and had smaller septal thickness (19.0 mm [IQR: 17.0-22.0 mm] vs 20.0 mm [IQR: 17.0-23.0 mm]; P = 0.007). Patients undergoing ASA also had more comorbidities, including renal failure, diabetes, hypertension, and coronary artery disease. There were 4 (0.7%) early deaths in the ASA group and 9 (0.3%) in the myectomy group. Over a median follow-up of 6.4 years (IQR: 3.6-10.2 years), the 10-year all-cause mortality rate was 26.1% in the ASA group and 8.2% in the myectomy group. After adjustment for age, sex, and comorbidities, the mortality remained greater in patients having septal reduction by ASA (HR: 1.68; 95% CI: 1.29-2.19; P < 0.001). Conclusions: In patients with obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, ASA is associated with increased long-term all-cause mortality compared with septal myectomy. This impact on survival is independent of other known factors but may be influenced by unmeasured confounding patient characteristics.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1647-1655
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of the American College of Cardiology
Issue number17
StatePublished - May 3 2022


  • alcohol septal ablation
  • hypertrophic cardiomyopathy
  • left ventricular outflow tract obstruction
  • septal myectomy
  • septal reduction therapy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


Dive into the research topics of 'Survival Following Alcohol Septal Ablation or Septal Myectomy for Patients With Obstructive Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this