Vertical ocular motility disorders of supranuclear origin can be congenital or acquired later in life. They produce complex forms of strabismus that require specialized surgical management to restore ocular alignment, eliminate torticollis, treat diplopia, and restore normal lid position. For each condition, surgical management must be individualized to address multiple impediments to fusion. This article outlines the surgical management of three common types of supranuclear vertical strabismus.
- Monocular elevation deficiency
- Parinaud syndrome
- Skew deviation
- Supranuclear vertical strabismus
- Vertical ocular motility
ASJC Scopus subject areas