Surgical treatment of tumors of the proximal stomach with involvement of the distal esophagus: A 26-year experience with Siewert type III tumors

K. Robert Shen, Stephen D. Cassivi, Claude Deschamps, Mark S. Allen, Francis C. Nichols, W. Scott Harmsen, Peter C. Pairolero

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations


Objective: A paucity of outcome data exists regarding patients with proximal stomach cancer involving the distal esophagus (Siewert type III tumors). This is especially true with regard to long-term survival rates after surgical intervention. Methods: Medical records were reviewed of all patients who underwent total gastrectomy and distal esophagectomy with Roux-en-Y esophagojejunostomy for Siewert type III tumors from January 1975 through December 2000. Results: There were 116 patients (93 men and 23 women). The median age was 66 years (range, 22-87 years). Pathologic stage was 0 (carcinoma in situ) in 1 patient, IB in 13 patients, II in 17 patients, IIIA in 34 patients, IIIB in 10 patients, and IV in 41 patients. Complete resection was achieved in 69 (59.5%) patients. Eleven (9.5%) patients were treated with neoadjuvant therapy, 49 (42.2%) received adjuvant therapy, and 6 (5.2%) received intraoperative radiation. Follow-up was complete in 114 (98.3%) patients, ranging from 1 to 281 months (median, 14 months). Operative mortality was 5.2%. Complications occurred in 51 (43.9%) patients. Clinically significant anastomotic leaks occurred in 15 (12.9%) patients. Median hospitalization was 13 days (range, 8-70 days). Median follow-up was 14 months (range, 1-281 months). Overall median survival was 434 days, with 1-, 5-, and 10-year survivals of 56.2%, 19.0%, and 13.5%, respectively. The only factor associated with increased hospital mortality was anastomotic leakage (P = .002). Incomplete resection, increased tumor stage and grade, and splenic involvement significantly worsened long-term survival. Conclusions: Total gastrectomy and distal esophagectomy for Siewert type III tumors is associated with reasonable mortality and significant morbidity. Although often palliative, surgical intervention can provide long-term survival, especially in patients with completely resected, early-stage, low-grade tumors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)755-762.e1
JournalJournal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Issue number4
StatePublished - Oct 2006

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


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