Surgical Repair of Truncus Arteriosus: A Long-Term Hemodynamic Assessment

Irene Martín de Miguel, C. Charles Jain, Alexander C. Egbe, Donald J. Hagler, Heidi M. Connolly, William R. Miranda

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: Unrepaired truncus arteriosus (TA) carries poor prognosis due to complications of unrestricted pulmonary flow, truncal valve insufficiency, and pulmonary vascular disease. Currently, the hemodynamic profile of adults late after TA repair is unknown. We reviewed the hemodynamics, prevalence, and pathophysiology of pulmonary hypertension (PH) in this population. Methods: Eighteen adult patients with repaired TA who underwent cardiac catheterization at Mayo Clinic, MN, between 1997 and 2021 were identified. PH was defined as either precapillary (mean pulmonary artery pressure [mPAP] ≥25 mm Hg, pulmonary artery wedge pressure [PAWP] ≤15 mm Hg, and pulmonary vascular resistance [PVR] >3 Wood units), isolated postcapillary (mPAP ≥25, PAWP >15, PVR ≤3), or combined (mPAP ≥25, PAWP >15, and PVR >3). Diastolic pressure and transpulmonary gradients were used as ancillary data for classification. Results: Mean age at catheterization was 34 ± 10 years. Mean right ventricular (RV) systolic pressure was 82 ± 22.6 mm Hg, mean right and left mPAPs 28.1 ± 16.2 and 27.9 ± 11.9 mm Hg, respectively. Seven patients (41.2%) had PAWP >15 mm Hg and, among those undergoing arterial catheterization, 7 (53.8%) had a left ventricular (LV) end-diastolic pressure >15 mm Hg. PH was diagnosed in 13 patients (72.2%): 6 (33.3%) precapillary, 4 (22.2%) isolated postcapillary, and 3 (16.7%) combined. PAWP >15 mm Hg was associated with male sex (P =.049), <moderate RV dysfunction (P =.049), and lesser RV conduit mean systolic gradient (P =.02). Patients with PH with precapillary component were older at catheterization (P =.046). Conclusions: In adults with repaired TA, precapillary PH was only present in one-third of patients with mPAPs not significantly increased in most, whereas elevated PAWP and left-heart disease were common.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)716-722
Number of pages7
JournalWorld Journal for Pediatric and Congenital Heart Surgery
Issue number6
StatePublished - Nov 2022


  • diastolic dysfunction
  • pulmonary hypertension
  • truncal valve
  • truncus arteriosus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


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