Surgical morbidity and clinical outcomes in ovarian cancer - The role of obesity

A. Smits, A. Lopes, N. Das, A. Kumar, W. Cliby, E. Smits, R. Bekkers, L. Massuger, K. Galaal

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

28 Scopus citations


Objective To evaluate the effect of body mass index on the surgical outcomes in ovarian cancer patients. In addition, we performed a systematic review to compare our outcomes with the current literature. Design Retrospective cohort study and a systematic review of the literature. Setting Gynaecology department at the Royal Cornwall Hospital Trust. Population Surgically managed stage I-IV ovarian cancer patients between September 2006 and September 2014. Methods Primary and secondary outcome measures were evaluated across BMI categories; BMI <25 kg/m, BMI 25-29.9 kg/m, BMI ≥30 kg/m and BMI ≥40 kg/m. A systematic review was performed according to Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines. Main outcome measures The primary outcome measure was surgical complications. Secondary outcome measures were other intra- and postoperative outcomes. Results Two hundred twenty-eight women were included in the study, of which 84 had a BMI <25 kg/m, 84 women had a BMI 25-29.9 kg/m, and 60 women were obese (BMI ≥30 kg/m), 13 of whom were morbidly obese. Morbid obesity was associated with increased rates of wound complications. However, BMI did not show an association with other outcomes. In the review, an increasing BMI was associated with increased rates of wound complications and prolonged hospital stay, but did not impact other surgical outcomes. Conclusion Obesity is associated with increased rates of wound complications and a prolonged hospital stay, but does not appear to affect other operative outcomes including cytoreduction status and 30-day mortality. Therefore, operative management and postoperative care require a multifactorial approach to minimise adverse outcomes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)300-308
Number of pages9
JournalBJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jan 1 2016


  • Body mass index
  • mortality
  • obesity
  • ovarian cancer
  • surgical complications
  • surgical outcomes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynecology


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