Stress Management Interventions for Nurses: Critical Literature Review

Sherry S. Chesak, Susanne M. Cutshall, Cassandra L. Bowe, Katherine M. Montanari, Anjali Bhagra

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations


Background: The nursing literature contains numerous studies on stress management interventions for nurses, but their overall levels of evidence remain unclear. Holistic nurses use best-available evidence to guide practice with self-care interventions. Ongoing discovery of knowledge, dissemination of research findings, and evidence-based practice are the foundation of specialized practice in holistic nursing. This literature review aimed to identify the current level of evidence for stress management interventions for nurses. Method: A systematic search and review of the literature was used to summarize existing research related to stress management interventions for nurses and recommend directions for future research and practice. Results: Ninety articles met the inclusion criteria for this study and were categorized and analyzed for scientific rigor. Various stress management interventions for nurses have been investigated, most of which are aimed at treatment of the individual versus the environment. Contemporary studies only moderately meet the identified standards of research design. Issues identified include lack of randomized controlled trials, little use of common measurement instruments across studies, and paucity of investigations regarding organizational strategies to reduce nurses’ stress. Conclusion: Future research is indicated to include well-designed randomized controlled trials, standardized measurement tools, and more emphasis on interventions aimed at the environment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)288-295
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Holistic Nursing
Issue number3
StatePublished - Sep 1 2019


  • burnout
  • nurse
  • resilience
  • stress management
  • systematic review

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nursing (miscellaneous)


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