Software for near-real-time voltammetric tracking of tonic neurotransmitter levels in vivo

Abhinav Goyal, Sangmun Hwang, Aaron E. Rusheen, Charles D. Blaha, Kevin E. Bennet, Kendall H. Lee, Dong Pyo Jang, Yoonbae Oh, Hojin Shin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Tonic extracellular neurotransmitter concentrations are important modulators of central network homeostasis. Disruptions in these tonic levels are thought to play a role in neurologic and psychiatric disease. Therefore, ways to improve their quantification are actively being investigated. Previously published voltammetric software packages have implemented FSCV, which is not capable of measuring tonic concentrations of neurotransmitters in vivo. In this paper, custom software was developed for near-real-time tracking (scans every 10 s) of neurotransmitters’ tonic concentrations with high sensitivity and spatiotemporal resolution both in vitro and in vivo using cyclic voltammetry combined with dynamic background subtraction (M-CSWV and FSCAV). This software was designed with flexibility, speed, and user-friendliness in mind. This software enables near-real-time measurement by reducing data analysis time through an optimized modeling algorithm, and efficient memory handling makes long-term measurement possible. The software permits customization of the cyclic voltammetric waveform shape, enabling experiments to detect a specific analyte of interest. Finally, flexibility considerations allow the user to alter the fitting parameters, filtering characteristics, and size and shape of the analyte kernel, based on data obtained live during the experiment to obtain accurate measurements as experimental conditions change. Herein, the design and advantages of this near-real-time voltammetric software are described, and its use is demonstrated in in vivo experiments.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number899436
JournalFrontiers in Neuroscience
StatePublished - Sep 23 2022


  • computational neuroscience
  • cyclic voltammetry
  • electrochemistry software
  • signal processing
  • tonic neurotransmitters

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)


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