Background - New-onset atrial fibrillation (AF) after coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG) is associated with increased morbidity and poorer long-term survival. Although many studies show differences in outcome in women versus men after CABG, little is known about the sex-specific incidence and characteristics of post-CABG AF. Methods and Results - Overall, 11 236 consecutive patients without preoperative AF underwent isolated CABG from 2002 to 2010 at 4 US academic medical centers and 1 high-volume specialty cardiac hospital. Data routinely collected for the Society of Thoracic Surgeons database were augmented with details on new-onset post-CABG AF events detected via continuous in-hospital ECG/telemetry monitoring. Unadjusted incidence of post-CABG AF was 29.5% (3312/11 236) overall, 30.2% (2485/8214) in men, and 27.4% (827/3022) in women. After adjustment for Society of Thoracic Surgeons-recognized risk factors, women had significantly lower risk for post-CABG AF (odds ratio [95% confidence interval]=0.75 [0.64-0.89]), shorter first, longest, and total duration of AF episodes (mean difference [95% confidence interval]=-2.7 [-4.7 to -0.8] hours; -4.1 [-6.9 to -1.2] hours; -2.4 [-2.5 to -2.3] hours, respectively). At 48 hours, AF-free probabilities were 77% for women and 72% for men (P<0.001). Number of episodes (P=0.18), operative mortality (P=0.048), stroke (P=0.126), and discharge in AF (P=0.234) did not differ significantly by sex. Conclusions - These novel data on sex-specific characteristics of new-onset AF after isolated CABG show that women had lower adjusted risk for post-CABG AF and experienced shorter episodes. Investigation of sex-specific impacts on outcomes is needed to identify optimal strategies for prevention and management to ensure all patients achieve the best possible outcomes.
- atrial fibrillation
- coronary artery bypass
- risk factor
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine