Semiautomated digital analysis of knee joint space width using MR images

Filippo Agnesi, Kimberly K. Amrami, Carlo A. Frigo, Kenton R. Kaufman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


Objective: The goal of this study was to (a) develop a semiautomated computer algorithm to measure knee joint space width (JSW) from magnetic resonance (MR) images using standard imaging techniques and (b) evaluate the reproducibility of the algorithm. Design: Using a standard clinical imaging protocol, bilateral knee MR images were obtained twice within a 2-week period from 17 asymptomatic research participants. Images were analyzed to determine the variability of the measurements performed by the program compared with the variability of manual measurements. Results: Measurement variability of the computer algorithm was considerably smaller than the variability of manual measurements. The average difference between two measurements of the same slice performed with the computer algorithm by the same user was 0.004±0.07 mm for the tibiofemoral joint (TF) and 0.009±0.11 mm for the patellofemoral joint (PF) compared with an average of 0.12±0.22 mm TF and 0.13±0.29 mm PF, respectively, for the manual method. Interuser variability of the computer algorithm was also considerably smaller, with an average difference of 0.004±0.1 mm TF and 0.0006±0.1 mm PF compared with 0.38±0.59 mm TF and 0.31±0.66 mm PF obtained using a manual method. The between-day reproducibility was larger but still within acceptable limits at 0.09±0.39 mm TF and 0.09±0.51 mm PF. This technique has proven consistently reproducible on a same slice base,while the reproducibility comparing different acquisitions of the same subject was larger. Longitudinal reproducibility improvement needs to be addressed through acquisition protocol improvements. Conclusion: A semiautomated method for measuring knee JSW from MR images has been successfully developed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)437-444
Number of pages8
JournalSkeletal Radiology
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 2007


  • Digital analysis
  • Joint space width
  • MRI
  • Osteoarthritis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging


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