Secretory leukocyte protease inhibitor and risk of heart failure in the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis

Konrad Teodor Sawicki, Drew R. Nannini, Suzette J. Bielinski, Nicholas B. Larson, Donald M. Lloyd-Jones, Bruce Psaty, Kent D. Taylor, Sanjiv J. Shah, Laura J. Rasmussen-Torvik, John T. Wilkins, Elizabeth M. McNally, Ravi B. Patel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Circulating protease inhibitors are important regulators of inflammation that are implicated in the pathophysiology of heart failure (HF). Secretory leukocyte protease inhibitor (SLPI) is a serine protease inhibitor which protects pulmonary tissues against inflammatory damage; however, its role in HF is not well understood. We sought to evaluate associations of circulating SLPI and genetically-mediated serum SLPI with incident HF and its subtypes in a multi-ethnic cohort of adults using clinical and genetic epidemiological approaches. Among 2,297 participants in the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (MESA), each doubling of serum SLPI was independently associated with incident HF (HR 1.77; 95% CI 1.02–3.02; P = 0.04), particularly incident HF with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF; HR 2.44; 95% CI 1.23–4.84; P = 0.01) but not HF with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF; HR 0.95; 95% CI 0.36–2.46; P = 0.91). Previously reported circulating SLPI protein quantitative trait loci (pQTLs) were not associated with serum SLPI levels or incident HF among MESA participants. In conclusion, baseline serum SLPI levels, but not genetically-determined serum SLPI, were significantly associated with incident HF and HFpEF over long-term follow-up in a multi-ethnic cohort. Serum circulating SLPI may be a correlate of inflammation that sheds insight on the pathobiology of HFpEF.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number604
JournalScientific reports
Issue number1
StatePublished - Dec 2023

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General


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