Safety and efficacy of daratumumab in patients with proliferative GN with monoclonal immunoglobulin deposits

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Background Treatment of proliferative GN with monoclonal Ig deposits (PGNMID) is not established. A monoclonal anti-CD38 antibody (daratumumab) is effective in treating multiple myeloma. Abnormal plasma cell clones may play a role in the pathogenesis of PGNMID. Methods We evaluated daratumumab's safety and efficacy in an open-label, phase 2 trial in 11 adults with PGNMID and one with C3 glomerulopathy (C3G) with monoclonal gammopathy. Patients had an eGFR.20 ml/min per 1.73 m2 and proteinuria.1 g/d. They received daratumumab intravenously (16 mg/kg) once weekly for 8 weeks, and then every other week for eight additional doses. Primary outcome was safety, defined as major infections, grade 3 or 4 anemia, leukopenia, or thrombocytopenia. Secondary outcomes were rate of complete remission (proteinuria,500 mg/d with,15% decline in baseline eGFR) or partial remission (.50% reduction in 24-hour proteinuria with,30% decline in eGFR) and proteinuria at 6 and 12 months. Results One patient with C3G had GN unrelated to the monoclonal gammopathy, and one with PGNMID did not complete the first infusion. Five serious adverse events occurred. During the 12 months of the trial, six of the ten patients with PGNMID who received at least one dose of daratumumab had a partial response, and four had a complete response (an overall response rate of 100%). Three patients experienced relapse, two of whom re-entered partial remission after resuming daratumumab therapy. Proteinuria declined significantly, from a median of 4346 mg/d to 1264 mg/d by 12 months. Conclusions Daratumumab demonstrated an acceptable safety profile and resulted in significant improvement in proteinuria while stabilizing kidney function in patients with PGNMID, suggesting the drug merits further investigation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1163-1173
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of the American Society of Nephrology
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 2021

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nephrology


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