Risks and benefits of parathyroid fine-needle aspiration with parathyroid hormone washout

Irina Bancos, Clive S. Grant, Sarah Nadeem, Marius N. Stan, Carl C. Reading, Thomas J. Sebo, Alicia Algeciras-Schimnich, Ravinder J. Singh, Diana S. Dean

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

38 Scopus citations


Objective: To describe the experience with parathyroid fine-needle aspiration (FNA) and parathyroid hormone (PTH) washout at Mayo Clinic Rochester, Rochester, Minnesota.Methods: We retrospectively reviewed all parathyroid FNA procedures performed at Mayo Clinic Rochester between January 2000 and December 2007. Clinical, biochemical, and imaging information, parathyroid FNA procedure, and cytology, surgical, and pathology reports were reviewed, and descriptive statistics, sensitivity, specificity, and positive predictive values are presented.Results: During the study period, 75 parathyroid FNAs were performed on 74 patients. Cytology results were available for 74 of 75 procedures, with only 31% interpreted as parathyroid cells. PTH washout was performed in 67 patients (91%). Parathyroid FNA with PTH washout had a sensitivity of 84%, specificity of 100%, positive predictive value of 100%, and accuracy of 84%. At the time of surgical treatment, 2 patients were noted to have an inflammatory response from the parathyroid FNA biopsy, 1 had a parathyroid abscess, and 2 had a hematoma. In 3 of these 5 patients, the necessary conversion of a minimally invasive surgical procedure to the standard surgical approach prolonged the surgical time.Conclusion: Parathyroid FNA with PTH washout had a superior performance in comparison with parathyroid scanning or ultrasonography alone. The main limitations of parathyroid FNA with PTH washout are (1) the need for initial identification of a potential parathyroid adenoma by ultrasonography and (2) the number of false-negative results. Parathyroid FNA resulted in complications affecting the surgical procedure in 3 patients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)441-449
Number of pages9
JournalEndocrine Practice
Issue number4
StatePublished - Jul 1 2012

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Endocrinology


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