Risk Prediction Model for 6-Month Mortality for Patients Discharged to Skilled Nursing Facilities

Anupam Chandra, Paul Y. Takahashi, Rozalina G. McCoy, Bjoerg Thorsteinsdottir, Gregory J. Hanson, Rajeev Chaudhry, Parvez A. Rahman, Curtis B. Storlie, Dennis H. Murphree

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Objective: Hospitalized patients discharged to skilled nursing facilities (SNFs) for post-acute care are at high risk for adverse outcomes. Yet, absence of effective prognostic tools hinders optimal care planning and decision making. Our objective was to develop and validate a risk prediction model for 6-month all-cause death among hospitalized patients discharged to SNFs. Design: Retrospective cohort study. Setting and Participants: Patients discharged from 1 of 2 hospitals to 1 of 10 SNFs for post-acute care in an integrated health care delivery system between January 1, 2009, and December 31, 2016. Methods: Gradient-boosting machine modeling was used to predict all-cause death within 180 days of hospital discharge with use of patient demographic characteristics, comorbidities, pattern of prior health care use, and clinical parameters from the index hospitalization. Area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) was assessed for out-of-sample observations under 10-fold cross-validation. Results: We identified 9803 unique patients with 11,647 hospital-to-SNF discharges [mean (SD) age, 80.72 (9.71) years; female sex, 61.4%]. These discharges involved 9803 patients alive at 180 days and 1844 patients who died between day 1 and day 180 of discharge. Age, comorbid burden, health care use in prior 6 months, abnormal laboratory parameters, and mobility status during hospital stay were the most important predictors of 6-month death (model AUC, 0.82). Conclusion and Implications: We derived a robust prediction model with parameters available at discharge to SNFs to calculate risk of death within 6 months. This work may be useful to guide other clinicians wishing to develop mortality prediction instruments specific to their post-acute SNF populations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1403-1408
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of the American Medical Directors Association
Issue number8
StatePublished - Aug 2022


  • Mortality
  • post-acute SNF
  • risk prediction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nursing(all)
  • Health Policy
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology


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