Residues in the alternative reading frame tumor suppressor that influence its stability and p53-independent activities

Anne di Tommaso, Jussara Hagen, Van Tompkins, Viviane Muniz, Amel Dudakovic, Alain Kitzis, Veronique Ladeveze, Dawn E. Quelle

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The Alternative Reading Frame (ARF) protein suppresses tumorigenesis through p53-dependent and p53-independent pathways. Most of ARF's anti-proliferative activity is conferred by sequences in its first exon. Previous work showed specific amino acid changes occurred in that region during primate evolution, so we programmed those changes into human p14ARF to assay their functional impact. Two human p14ARF residues (Ala14 and Thr31) were found to destabilize the protein while two others (Val24 and Ala41) promoted more efficient p53 stabilization and activation. Despite those effects, all modified p14ARF forms displayed robust p53-dependent anti-proliferative activity demonstrating there are no significant biological differences in p53-mediated growth suppression associated with simian versus human p14ARF residues. In contrast, p53-independent p14ARF function was considerably altered by several residue changes. Val24 was required for p53-independent growth suppression whereas multiple residues (Val24, Thr31, Ala41 and His60) enabled p14ARF to block or reverse the inherent chromosomal instability of p53-null MEFs. Together, these data pinpoint specific residues outside of established p14ARF functional domains that influence its expression and signaling activities. Most intriguingly, this work reveals a novel and direct role for p14ARF in the p53-independent maintenance of genomic stability.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1326-1335
Number of pages10
JournalExperimental Cell Research
Issue number7
StatePublished - Apr 15 2009


  • Cell cycle arrest
  • Chromosomal instability
  • Mdm2
  • Primate
  • p14ARF
  • p21
  • p53

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cell Biology


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