Excess fat intake can increase lipid oxidation and expression of mitochondrial proteins, indicating remodeling of the mitochondrial proteome. Yet intermediates of lipid oxidation also accumulate, indicating a relative insufficiency to completely oxidize lipids. We investigated remodeling of the mitochondrial proteome to determine mechanisms of changes in lipid oxidation following high-fat feeding. C57BL/6J mice consumed a high-fat diet (HFD, 60% fat from lard) or a low-fat diet (LFD, 10% fat) for 12 wk. Mice were fasted for 4 h and then anesthetized by pentobarbital sodium overdose for tissue collection. A mitochondrial-enriched fraction was prepared from gastrocnemius muscles and underwent proteomic analysis by high-resolution mass spectrometry. Mitochondrial respiratory efficiency was measured as the ratio of ATP production to O2 consumption. Intramuscular acylcarnitines were measured by liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry. A total of 658 mitochondrial proteins were identified: 40 had higher abundance and 14 had lower abundance in mice consuming the HFD than in mice consuming the LFD. Individual proteins that changed with the HFD were primarily related to β-oxidation; there were fewer changes to the electron transfer system. Gene set enrichment analysis indicated that the HFD increased pathways of lipid metabolism and β-oxidation. Intramuscular concentrations of select acylcarnitines (C18:0) were greater in the HFD mice and reflected dietary lipid composition. Mitochondrial respiratory ATP production-to-O2 consumption ratio for lipids was not different between LFD and HFD mice. After the 60% fat diet, remodeling of the mitochondrial proteome revealed upregulation of proteins regulating lipid oxidation that was not evident for all mitochondrial pathways. The accumulation of lipid metabolites with obesity may occur without intrinsic dysfunction to mitochondrial lipid oxidation.
|American Journal of Physiology - Endocrinology and Metabolism
|Published - Oct 2018
- Skeletal muscle
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
- Physiology (medical)