Reliability of 3-dimensional measures of single-leg drop landing across 3 institutions: Implications for multicenter research for secondary ACL-injury prevention

Gregory D. Myer, Nathaniel A. Bates, Christopher A. DiCesare, Kim D. Barber Foss, Staci M. Thomas, Samuel C. Wordeman, Dai Sugimoto, Benjamin D. Roewer, Jennifer M.Medina McKeon, Stephanie L. Di Stasi, Brian W. Noehren, Michael McNally, Kevin R. Ford, Adam W. Kiefer, Timothy E. Hewett

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations


Context: Due to the limitations of single-center studies in achieving appropriate sampling with relatively rare disorders, multicenter collaborations have been proposed to achieve desired sampling levels. However, documented reliability of biomechanical data is necessary for multicenter injury-prevention studies and is currently unavailable. Objective: To measure the reliability of 3-dimensional (3D) biomechanical waveforms from kinetic and kinematic variables during a single-leg landing (SLL) performed at 3 separate testing facilities. Design: Multicenter reliability study. Setting: 3 laboratories. Patients: 25 female junior varsity and varsity high school volleyball players who visited each facility over a 1-mo period. Intervention: Subjects were instrumented with 43 reflective markers to record 3D motion as they performed SLLs. During the SLL the athlete balanced on 1 leg, dropped down off of a 31-cm-high box, and landed on the same leg. Kinematic and kinetic data from both legs were processed from 2 trials across the 3 laboratories. Main Outcome Measures: Coefficients of multiple correlations (CMC) were used to statistically compare each joint angle and moment waveform for the first 500 ms of landing. Results: Average CMC for lower-extremity sagittal-plane motion was excellent between laboratories (hip .98, knee .95, ankle .99). Average CMC for lower-extremity frontalplane motion was also excellent between laboratories (hip .98, knee .80, ankle .93). Kinetic waveforms were repeatable in each plane of rotation (3-center mean CMC =.71), while knee sagittal-plane moments were the most consistent measure across sites (3-center mean CMC =.94). Conclusions: CMC waveform comparisons were similar relative to the joint measured to previously published reports of between-sessions reliability of sagittal- and frontal-plane biomechanics performed at a single institution. Continued research is needed to further standardize technology and methods to help ensure that highly reliable results can be achieved with multicenter biomechanical screening models.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)198-209
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of sport rehabilitation
Issue number2
StatePublished - 2015


  • ACL reinjury
  • Biomechanics of rehabilitation
  • Multi-institution research
  • Screening for injury risk

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation
  • Rehabilitation


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