Background: Existing thrombus can complicate percutaneous saphenous vein graft (SVG) intervention. Local delivery of thrombolytics has been used to reduce the thrombus burden often associated with these interventions. We sought to determine whether local delivery of a platelet glycoprotein IIb/IIIa inhibitor is feasible and can reduce thrombus burden before percutaneous SVG intervention. Methods: We performed a multicenter pilot study of abciximab (0.25 mg/kg) given by local delivery catheter before percutaneous intervention for de novo SVG stenoses followed by intravenous infusion. All patients (n = 58) had ≥60% stenosis and Thrombolysis In Myocardial Infarction (TIMI) grade >0 flow in an SVG of 3 to 4 mm in diameter. Percent diameter stenosis, TIMI thrombus grade, and TIMI flow grade were measured before and after delivery of abciximab and after intervention. Results: Median percent diameter stenosis improved from 69% to 45% (P = .0001) after local delivery, and TIMI thrombus grade ≥ 1 incidence reduced from 68% to 34% (P = .0001). TIMI flow grade was not significantly affected (P = .12). All patients had a successful intervention (≤50% residual stenosis). Conclusions: Local abciximab delivery before percutaneous SVG intervention is associated with significantly reduced thrombus burden, significantly improved percent diameter stenosis, and excellent acute procedural results. Further studies of this approach are warranted to define its clinical utility.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine